Dünyanın en eski sirketleri…!!

En yaşlıları çoğumuzun düşündüğünden çok daha yaşlı aslında. Dünyanın en eski şirketi Japonya’da 578 yılında kurulan Kongo Gumi şirketi. Şirket 1.500 sene önce kurulmuştu ve Budist tapınakları inşaa ediyordu. Kulağa inanılmaz gibi gelen bu rakam ile bu şirket dünyanın en eskisiydi. Ancak bu 2006′ya kadar devam etti ve şirket finansal sıkıntılara dayanamayarak iflas etti. Başka bir şirket tarafından satın alındı. Şirketin son genel müdürü aileden gelen 40.kuşaktan gelen Masakazu Kongo’ydu. Bu hikaye, ünlü pazarlama gurusu Tom Peters‘ın “Gelecek 15 yıldaki değişimlerin yanında, geçmiş 15 yıldaki değişimler çok önemsiz kalacaktır” sözünü hatırlatıyor. Demek ki yaşadığımız değişimler o kadar büyük ki, 1500 sene ayakta kalabilen bir şirket bile yıkılabiliyor. Peki bu şirketin ayakta kalmasını sağlayan nedenler ne idi;

Çok istikrarlı bir sektör, (tüm pazarın yeni bir dine geçmesi çok düşün bir ihtimal.)
Japon halkının tapınak ziyaret etme geleneği
İnanç sisteminin güncelliğini koruması ile yeni tapınak inşaa ihtiyacı.
Başarılı tapınak yapma ustalığının yeni nesillere iyi aktarılabilmesi.
Etkin aile şirketi yapılanması
Şirketin genel müdürünü seçmedeki esneklik, aileden performans kriterlerine göre seçim yapılması
Damatlar ya da annelerin şirketin başına geçebimesi.
Zor zamanlarda farklılaşan stratejiler (2.Dünya Savaşı döneminde şirket tabut üretmiş)
Peki bu şirket 2006’da niçin zor duruma düştü?

1980’lerden sonra Japonya’da gayrimenkul piyasasının iflas etmesi
Gelişen teknoloji ve internet ile Japon halkının tapınaklara olan ilgisinin azalması
Görünen o ki yaşadığımız teknolojik değişimler büyük fırtınlara yaratmaya devam edeceğe benziyor. Peki Kongo Gumi’den sonra dünyanın en eski şirketleri kimler kalmıştır sizce. Sıra onlarda olabilir ancak bugün büyüklüğü ile övünen pek çok büyük şirketi bence daha büyük tehlikeler bekliyor.

1,293 Yaşında – Han ve Otel – Hoshi Inn, Japonya
1,207 Yaşında– Restoran – St. Peters Restaurant, Austria
1,125 Yaşında– Hatıra Parası Üreticisi, The Royal Mint, United Kingdom
1,000 Yaşında– Şarap Üretimi – Goulaine, France
971 Yaşında- Kilise Çanı Üretimi – Marinelli Bell Foundry, Italy
971 Yaşında– Biracılık- The Weihenstephan Brewery, Almanya
970 Yaşında– Tuz Madeni – The Wieliczka, Polonya

Yukardaki arastirmayi yapan arkadasimiz gayet guzel bir calisma yapmis ..!
Turkiye’mizde 100 yillik ve ayni ailenin hakimiyetinde tek sirketimiz varmi dersek acaba tek bir sirketimiz varmi ?

Sevgi ve selam ile

Mujdat guler

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